Summary of articles in International Molinology No 97 which was published in December 2018

In this edition of International Molinology a letter of invitation to the 15th TIMS Symposium in Berlin is included, by the Symposium Chairman, Gerald Bost.

An English country millwright at the end of the 19th century: Thompson’s of Alford in Lincolnshire by Colin Moore

Thompson’s of Alford were a well-known firm of millwrights in England, operating until recently (2013), and involved in many important restoration and repair projects. This article recounts the very earliest years of the firm (from 1877 to 1900), based on ledgers made recently available by Tom Davies, the last owner. These provide a wealth of comparative data on type and locations of jobs (not just on mills), and on the earliest financial accounts. Founded by the highly enterprising Robert Thompson, who bought their first yard in Parsons Lane, Alford, they were involved in work on some of the most advanced windmills ever built in England. Robert provided well for his children, and the family firm succeeded through the difficult times when country mills were closing through competition from industrialisation. The rest of the story remains to be told!

Archive sources and field surveys used to analyse horizontal-wheeled watermills, their position and technology, in the Basilicata Region of Southern Italy by Maria Carmela Grano.

Basilicata is a mountainous region in the far south of Italy, and this study, based on Maria’s PhD thesis, is the first on the watermills built there between the late 1700s and 1900. Over 1500 mills were mapped through archival data and field studies and their locations and  technologies (relative to fluvial dynamics), were applied to statistical modelling and a geographic information system, providing interesting conclusions. The mills were wholly of the horizontal-wheeled type of the ‘drop tower penstock’ type, and this study “challenges some of the stereotypes which consider them to be a primitive technology that inevitably faced oblivion when confronted with competition from its more complex, vertical-wheeled counterpart”. Their success “reflects the complete adequacy of the technology, perfectly appropriate, rather than primitive. These mills were preferred because they were fit for purpose, cheaper and easier to build and maintain”.

A Gloucestershire Mealman: Anthony Fewster of Inchbrook Mill. Part One by M J A Beacham.

Following his contribution on prison treadmills, Mike Beacham has provided the first part of a detailed analysis of the business affairs of a Gloucestershire mealman in the early 19th century. Mealmen were middle men, trading between farmers, millers and bakers, and could also be millers themselves; Anthony Fewster ran Inchbrook mill for 43 years. As the population grew the mealmen became involved in the import trade through ports such as Bristol and Gloucester, and Fewster’s ledgers show the extent of his trade both geographically and in terms of turnover in the days of horse and cart. Part Two will appear in IM80.

Early British Prison Treadmill Development: with notes on practices at Gloucestershire Gaols before 1845 by Keith Preston.

Keith Preston, a resident of New South Wales, was prompted to write this article after reading Mike Beacham’s paper on the treadmill at Horsley House of Correction. The early development of prison treadmills is explored, and their use both for grinding corn and raising water.  They were seen as tools of reform during a time of rising crime following the Napoleonic Wars, and were exported to the colonies. The treadmill regime was terribly hard, and guidelines were introduced to limit the equivalent daily ascent to 12,000 ft (3.658 m)!  A less severe form of punishment was the crank mill, turned by hand rather than through climbing. Later, as the economics of grinding changed, milling in prisons ceased.

The Messolonghi Windmill by George Speis.

This article recounts the tale of a mill which became a symbol of resistance in the siege of Messolonghi, during the Greek Revolution (for independance from the Ottoman Empire). Windmills were not usual in this part of Greece but this one was necessary to provide meal for this fortress city, and the know-how and technology came from the Ionian Islands.  The information was gathered from the Greek State’s General Archives, plus contemporary artistic depictions of the siege. The Windmill was the last point of defence, and was thought to have been destroyed by explosion, but the Archives show that it was still in use 10 years later.

Leonardo da Vinci: Water falling onto a bucket wheel and a new edition of Codex Madrid I by I.R. Dietrich Lohrmann.

As early as the late 1490s Leonardo was engrossed in the question of the efficiency of water wheels, and “as to whether it is more advantageous to drop water perpendicularly onto a water wheel or to do so at a certain angle”.  This article concerns a statement by Leonardo, rediscovered in 1955-6, in the Codex Madrid I, a new edition of which is published by the author this year. This concerns the relative amounts of work generated by the weight of water in the buckets of the wheel and the percussive effect of water striking the wheel. Leonardo’s own illustrations are reproduced here, and these influenced water wheel design in the following years.

Mills, Maladies and Magic by David Jones.

The kleiekotzer, literally “bran spewer”, is found only in the Schwarzwald (Black Forest) region of Germany and in the adjoining Strasbourg area of France. They take the form of a mask attached to the bolter of the mill, from which the bran (or the “unwholesome” part of the grain) is expelled. They date back to the 16th century, a time when epidemics of ergotism (or St Anthony’s Fire), were caused through eating rye bread infected with the over-wintering bodies of the ergot fungus. David Jones here explores the link between the disease and the magic protection provided by these fantastic masks – the “protective spirit” of the mill. There follows a series of photographs of kleiekotzers taken by Willem van Bergen.

UNESCO recognition of the craft of the Miller by Erik Kopp.

In December of 2017, the Dutch ʽcraft of millers operating windmills and watermillsʼ was inscribed on the UNESCO Representative List of ʽIntangible Cultural Heritage of Humanityʼ. The Dutch identity is connected to mills and the craft of the miller has an iconic value within the Netherlands. This recognition by UNESCO rightly reflects the effort made by all the professional and volunteer millers within the various Guilds and De Hollandsche Molen.

Bernard Badaroux, millwright and the ‘soul of the windmill of Rédounel’, in La Couvertoirade (Aveyron), France by Jean Pierre Azéma.

This article recounts the 12 year restoration of the windmill of Rédounel, inspired in part by the author, and involving the work of Bernard Badaroux, millwright, carpenter and aesthete. His meticulous work requires great attention to traditional methods and materials, even to the extent of re-using 150 year old timbers and searching flea-markets for period vintage nails and bolts.

The one book review, is by Tarcis van Berge Henegouwen, on Collet Veron’s work on the watermills of the Vivarais region of France, entitled “DU MOULINS AU PAYSAGE: Technique, espace et société au bord de l’eau. Le Vivarais du Moyen Âge à la fin du XIXe siècleˮ.

BM20 - Ganzel and Wulff - The Quest for American Milling Secrets

BM20BM20 was issued in December 2010.

From the Introduction: "In 1832 a publication was issued in Berlin called “Beiträge zur Kenntnis des amerikanischen Mühlenwesens und der Mehlfabrikation”, or “Contribution to the Understanding of American Mills and Flour Production”, written by Carl Friedrich Ganzel and Friedrich Wulff. This document describes their journey around the United States, the mills they visited and how they were used to produce export quality flour."

In about 250 pages the reader will find a translation of the 1832 report by Ganzel and Wulff on the mill technology in the USA of the early 19th century, illustrated with numerous pictures and drawings, as well as comments to this report and a description of the adaption of the USA mill technology in Germany.

How to get it?

The book is available in our bookshops.

Some first reactions from our members:

. . . The care which has been taken to compile this book, both out of the original text (and inclusion of all the original drawings) and also from many other works, is incredible!

. . . Congratulations, this must be the best BM to date! It will give me some good reading over Christmas, I am sure all our members will be delighted to receive it.

. . . In full appreciation of the merits of the preceding volumes in the BM series, I simply must say that I find BM20 the most fascinating volume to date, for a variety of reasons: Highly interesting subject, sort of interdisciplinary, augmented by the skills of many aficionados of mills and milling and by a most insightful foreword, issue put into historical perspective - what can I say.

. . . What a good surprise, I got the TIMS Publications today! Many thanks to the authors Derek and Gerald and also Tony for the great work.

. . . This BM20 is a thoroughly worthy addition to the series, in fact it is a trailblazer for the future. Scholarly, technically sound, easy on the eye while being demanding in content.

. . . I can't thank the TIMS staff enough for the fantastic book! I have read it about three times now and every time I learn something new.

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Softback, 297 mm x 210 mm (A4), 202 pages, profusely illustrated with drawings and photographs in colour.

This latest book in the Bibliotheca Molinologica series concentrates on one mill located near Muscatine, a town on the west bank of the River Mississippi in the mid-western state of Iowa in the USA. When the Pine Creek Mill was first established in the 1830s by Benjamin Nye the River Mississippi was the frontier between the infant United States and Indian Territory. The mill’s history is traced using documents, eye witness accounts, and evidence from the mill building itself. This history runs from first using the American flat milling technique, as described and patented by Oliver Evans, which was powered by a waterwheel, through the various modifications and alterations that were necessary during the remainder of the 19th century for the mill to remain competitive. The lives of people involved with the mill during its operation are also highlighted, from Benjamin Nye’s family problems that led to his violent death, to the near fatal great flood of 1883, and the emigration to a new life in the USA of an East Prussian miller. Fortunately the mill stopped operating just as the land around the mill became the Wild Cat Den State Park which helped preserve the mill until its recent restoration and opening to the public in the last 20 years by the Friends of Pine Creek Grist Mill.

The mill buildings and both prime movers, the water turbine and steam engine, are described as are the three processes that were installed in 1890, namely three stands of double roller mills for the production of flour from wheat with their associated cleaners, scourers and separators as well as the middlings purifier and various types of bolters. Another roller mill with three rolls, used for the corn (maize) process with all its associated ancillary machines, as well as the use of a single three feet diameter pair of millstone for producing animal feed, are also explained.

Very often those involved in the practical aspects of restoration are not interested in writing about their experiences and so valuable information often has to be learnt again on any subsequent restoration project. However, the restoration of Pine Creek Mill has been recorded from the beginning by the restorers themselves. This information has been not been used to give a blow by blow account of the actual restoration of the mill, but to explain the problems that can be encountered during restoration and to describe in detail the solutions that have been proved to be successful (even to listing the contact information for the sources of materials and services that have been used).

The restoration section of the book starts with a statement of the aims of the project and an explanation of its philosophy which lies behind all the difficult decisions that have to be made on such a project. This is followed by an outline of the management of such a project and a description of all the other aspects and activities that are necessary for the successful outcome of any restoration project. Given the nature of Pine Creek Mill there are comprehensive details of the problems associated with belt drives, shafts, bearings, chutes and elevators, and practical advice about how to repair, set up and maintain these essential parts of a 19th century mill. One of the major projects undertaken by the Friends of Pine Creek Mill was the restoration of the steam engine. Their approach and the techniques involved are fully described as they are relevant to the restoration of any complex machinery not just steam engines.

At the end of the day any restored mill has to be operated easily and safely in order to attract the interest and support of the public. For various reasons this has meant the use of electric motors to drive parts of the plant in the mill. This subject is de-mystified with explanations of the factors to be considered and recommendations on viable solutions. Once a mill is operational the use of the millstones and their maintenance becomes crucial, their basic installation and dressing are described together with balance the runner stone (both statically and dynamically) and the various issues around producing usable flour examined

Often molinologists are criticised by historians and archaeologists for not developing suitable dating methods for mills and mill machinery. This criticism is addressed by outlining the development of criteria for the dating machinery in the mill. Although these criteria have been developed in the context of a 19th century mid-western American mill, their approach and methods can be used with benefit at mills around the world.

This book gives an in-depth look at the practical aspects of mill restoration, its problems and possible solutions in a way that will give confidence to any team contemplating undertaking such a project no matter how large or small.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1: The History of Pine Creek Mill
    Benjamin Nye, Pioneer Iowa Settler
    Benjamin Nye’s First Mill
    Benjamin Nye’s First Grist Mill
    Nye’s New Mill of 1850 – American Flat Milling
    Benjamin Nye’s Death
    New Owners
    Beesley & Huchendorf – New Process Milling
    The Great Flood of 1883
    Herman Huchendorf – Roller Milling
    The Missel Family at Pine Mills   
    Wildcat Den State Park and a New Beginning

Chapter 2: A Description of Pine Creek Mill
    The Mill Building                    
    Water Power at the Mill
    Steam Power at the Mill                     
    The Millstone Plant of 1890                     
    The Corn Milling Plant of 1890                     
    The Wheat Milling Plant of 1890
Chapter 3: The Restoration Philosophy and Management at Pine Creek Mill
    Organization and Support
    Practical Support - Tools & Supplies
    Communications & Promotion
       Websites & Social Networking,
       Radio & TV    
    Documentation of the Site & Record Keeping

Chapter 4: Auxiliary Electrical Power for Pine Creek Mill

Chapter 5: Basic Bearing Technology and Restoration
    Wooden Bearings
    Babbitt Alloy Bearings
    Split Brass Bearings
    Thrust Bearings
    Turbine Bearings
    Modern Self-aligning Ball Bearings
    Line Shaft Alignment
    Automatic Oilers

Chapter 6: Flat Belt Power Transmission
    Flat Belts and Pulleys
    Belt Tracking
    The Belt with only One Side
    Transmitting Power through a 90 Degree Angle
    Belt Splicing
    Power Transmission Rules
    Elevator Belts used for Power Transmission
    Ancillary use of Belts
    Chain Power Transmission

Chapter 7: Grist Chute Construction and Restoration
    Chute Fabrication
    Chutes and the Angle of Repose
    Bagging Stations
    Chute Installation - Those Troublesome Angles

Chapter 8: Bucket Elevator Restoration
    Slanting Leg Elevators
    True Vertical Elevators
    Elevator Boot and Leg Restoration
    Elevator Buckets (cups) & Belting
    Fabricating New Elevator Pulleys
    Installing New Elevator Belts

Chapter 9: Steam Engine Restoration
    Initial Condition and Restoration Goal
    Preparation and Documentation
    Disassembling the Engine
    Replacing the Wooden Support Beams
    Sandblasting and Painting
    Repairing and Making New Parts
    Alignment of the Engine during Assembly
    Re-assembling the Steam Engine
    Putting the Restored Steam Engine into Motion,
       Feasibility Testing,
       Design Decisions
    A Separate Motor for the Steam Engine

Chapter 10: Millstone Maintenance
    Basic Steps
       The Support Structure (hurst frame)
       Leveling the Bedstone
       Checking the Drive Shaft Tram
    Millstone Dressing
       First Steps
       Painting the Millstone
       Dressing the Stones
    Balancing the Runner Stone
    The Runner Stone Bail
    The Grist Sweep
    Flour Milling Issues

Chapter 11: Dating Methods
    Gudgeons & Bearings
    Dating Machinery with Nails
    Threaded Fasteners
    Mortise & Tenon Mounts
    Dating by Research
    Dating by Dendrochronology (Tree Ring Dating)

Bibliography & Index






Convince yourself about the quality of our journal "International Molinology"


Here is No. 80 of June 2010 available for download.











Every four years an International Symposium is held in one of the member countries. These weeklong occasions give members an opportunity to meet fellow-molinologists from around the world and to present papers on research carried out into aspects of mills and milling. Following the Symposium, the papers and discussions are published in the form of Transactions.


-> Papers on Molinological Topics


-> Specifics of the Symposium


-> Account of the Mill Tours




Find below an index of all articles published in the Transactions:

Source Author Country Subject
T 1 (1965), 39- 42 Dos Santos Simões, J.M. world-wide molinology
T 1 (1965), 43- 52 Jespersen, A. world-wide mill survey: proposals
T 1 (1965), 53- 61 Wailes, R. England mill conservation
T 1 (1965), 63- 68 Dias Pereira, R. Portugal wind-powered saltpan pumps: portable
T 1 (1965), 69- 77 Hirsjärvi, A. Finland wind and watermills
T 1 (1965), 79- 84 Castel-Branco, F. Portugal tide mills
T 1 (1965), 85-100 Ek, S. B. world-wide windmills: horizontal
T 1 (1965),101-106 Da Silva Nigra, C. and Dos Santos Simões, J. M. Brazil windmills
T 1 (1965),107-109 Ferraro, J. Portugal Lisbon windmills
T 1 (1965),111-118 Webster, M., Mme. Webster, and Wailes,R. France (Pas de Calais / Nord) windmills
T 1 (1965),119-128 Webster, M., Mme. Webster, and Wailes,R. France (Loire, Brittany, and W. Coast) windmills
T 1 (1965),129-132 Lopes da Silva, F. Portugal (Azores) windmills
T 1 (1965),133-140 Wailes, R. England windmill: technical development
T 1 (1965),141-152 Dos Santos Simões, J. M. Portugal wind and watermill: survey card
T 1 (1965),153-158 Bicker Caarten, A. Netherlands, The windmills: early history
T 1 (1965),159-161 Dias Sanches, J. R. Portugal Lisbon windmills
T 1 (1965),163-166 Prietro, G. Spain Don Quixote windmill
T 1 (1965),167-174 Amorim Rosa, A. Portugal watermills: Order of Templars
T 1 (1965),175-182 Wailes, R. USA (New England and Long Island) windmills
T 1 (1965),183-195 Rivals, C. France windmill classification
T 1 (1965),197-204 Rivals, C. world-wide windmill: life and death
T 1 (1965),205-207 Grassin, J. France mill owners' club
T 1 (1965),209-212 Côrte-Real, J. A. Portugal windmill residences
T 1 (1965),213-216 Conçalves Farinha, A. L. Portugal Torres Novas watermill
T 1 (1965),217-256 Jespersen, A. Denmark mill conservation
T 1 (1965),257-259 Moreira Das Neves, P. F. Portugal animal-powered mill
T 1 (1965),261-268 Major, J. K. England / Wales molinological map
T 1 (1965),269-272 anonymous Netherlands, The Hollandsche Molen
T 1 (1965),273-281 anonymous Portugal TIMS First Symposium 1965: conclusions and recommendations
T 2 (1969), 15- 18 Dos Santos Simões, J. M. world-wide molinology: What is it?
T 2 (1969), 61- 66 anonymous France symposium badge: wind-powered floating invasion machines
T 2 (1969), 67- 87 Jespersen, A. Portugal Portuguese mills
T 2 (1969), 89-107 Wailes, R. Great Britain SPAB mills section
T 2 (1969),109-121 Major, J. K. England / Wales molinological map
T 2 (1969),123-131 Groot, P. Netherlands, The future millers.
T 2 (1969),133-141 Jespersen, A. Europe mill conservation
T 2 (1969),143-162 anonymous Great Britain watermill tax
T 2 (1969),163-178 Notebaart, J. C. world-wide windmill classification
T 2 (1969),179-194 Jespersen, A. world-wide watermill survey sheet
T 2 (1969),195-210 Jespersen, A. and Loeber, E. G. world-wide mill terminology
T 2 (1969),211-222 Notebaart, J. C. world-wide windmill origin
T 2 (1969),223-231 Keller, A. G. world-wide oblique treadmill
T 2 (1969),233-237 Riopardense De Macedo, F. Brazil (Southern) windmills
T 2 (1969),239-246 Nissen, N. Germany mills and mill industry
T 2 (1969),247-268 Böcher, S. B. Denmark (Sjælland) waterpower
T 2 (1969),269-278 Rivals, C. France (Îsle de Noirmoutier) wind-powered saltpan pumps: portable
T 2 (1969),279-300 Buckland, J. S. P. France (Fontvieille) Daudet's windmill
T 2 (1969),301-354 Jones, D. H. Great Britain water-powered corn mills
T 2 (1969),355-370 Ogden, D. England Chesterton windmill
T 2 (1969),371-385 Major, J. K. England horse-powered corn mills
T 2 (1969),387-408 Avitsur, S. Israel waterpower technology
T 2 (1969),409-418 Jost, H. Poland (Southern) Podhale watermill
T 2 (1969),419-434 Irimie, C. and Bucur, C. Romania watermills
T 2 (1969),435-445 Irimie, C. Romania boat mills
T 2 (1969),447-461 Rusdea, H. Romania Dobrogea windmills
T 2 (1969),471-479 Wailes, R. world-wide unsurveyed mills
T 2 (1969),571-577 Jespersen, A. Denmark thatched roofs: fire-proofing
T 3 (1973), 2- 16 Van Hoogstraten, M. Netherlands, The TIMS Third symposium 1973
T 3 (1973), 17- 31 Wilson, P. N. Great Britain waterwheels
T 3 (1973), 32- 36 Wailes, R. England postmill
T 3 (1973), 37- 46 Jol, C. M. Netherlands, The Ster snuff and spice mill
T 3 (1973), 47- 56 Heslinga, M. W. Netherlands, The / Germany mill terms
T 3 (1973), 57- 65 Gibbings, C. France (Anjou) hollow-postmills
T 3 (1973), 66- 74 Gibbings, C. France post and tower mills
T 3 (1973), 75- 80 Stokhuyzen, F. and De Koning, A. Netherlands, The windmill conservation
T 3 (1973), 81- 93 Walton, J. South Africa wind, water and horse mills
T 3 (1973), 94-102 Major, J. K. and Major, H. England wind engines
T 3 (1973),103-109 Keller, A. G. Denmark combined wind and horse mill
T 3 (1973),110-119 Schoonhoven, J. Netherlands, The (North Brabant) mills
T 3 (1973),120-126 Wailes, R. world-wide windmill: composite
T 3 (1973),127-134 Bruggeman, J. France (Nord) wind and watermill inventory
T 3 (1973),135-141 Jones, D. H. and Major, J. K. Great Britain drying kilns
T 3 (1973),142-148 Jespersen, A. Denmark mills conservation
T 3 (1973),149-158 Rivals, C. France boat mills
T 3 (1973),159-167 Rivals, C. France tide mills
T 3 (1973),168-174 Jones, D. H. Europe moulin pendant
T 3 (1973),175-183 Avitsur, S. Israel watermills: sugar and olive
T 3 (1973),184-191 Van Der Burg, H. J. Netherlands, The drainage mills
T 3 (1973),192 Hirsjärvi, A. Finland windmill: 8-sailed
T 4 (1977), 31- 33 Stoyel, A. England (Cornwall) Gawns waterwheel
T 4 (1977), 35- 36 Wailes, R. France windmill postcards
T 4 (1977), 37- 40 Gibbings, C. France windmill towers
T 4 (1977), 41- 53 Egelie, G. C. M. Netherlands, The mills and living nature
T 4 (1977), 55- 74 Turner, L. and Watts, M. British Isles small tower mills
T 4 (1977), 75- 90 Farries, K. G. England (Essex) windmill history
T 4 (1977), 91-103 Jones, D. H. England / Wales watermills: overdriven
T 4 (1977),105-120 Stoyel, A. Spain (Rio Jabalon) watermills
T 4 (1977),121-130 McGuire, B. USA (New York) Long Island watermill
T 4 (1977),131-141 Jespersen, A. Netherlands, The windpower and the industrial revolution
T 4 (1977),143-152 Bruggeman, J. France (Nord / Pas de Calais) mill conservation
T 4 (1977),153-162 Major, J. K. England millers vs. canal
T 4 (1977),163-165 Wailes, R. Europe watermills: horizontal
T 4 (1977),167-172 Hirsjärvi, A. and Wailes, R. Finland shingle mills
T 4 (1977),173-175 Farries, K. G. England (Essex) windmill disasters
T 4 (1977),177-180 Gleisberg, H. Germany (Thuringia) millstones: Oberhof
T 4 (1977),181-187 Gimpel, J. Nepal water-powered lighting
T 4 (1977),189-193 Jones, D. H. Nepal water-powered lighting
T 4 (1977),195-197 Van Hoogstraten, M. world-wide mills on coins and medals
T 4 (1977),199-217 Hoop, E. Germany (Schleswig-Holstein) windmill fantail
T 4 (1977),219-226 De La Garde, J. France molinology
T 4 (1977),227-233 Lindenthal, M. Germany sails: half-moon patent
T 4 (1977),235-246 Pargeter, V. England (Kent) sails
T 4 (1977),247-257 Kuhn, H. Germany (Lower Rhine) mills
T 4 (1977),259-268 Bowie, G. S. and Jones, D. H. British Isles watermills: regional. variations
T 4 (1977),269-283 Schoonhoven, J. world-wide millstones: characteristics, function and dress
T 4 (1977),285-290 Schoch, M. R. and Bitting, F. USA (Virginia) Colvin Run watermill
T 4 (1977),291-300 Avitsur, S. Middle East artesian-fed Aruba mills
T 4 (1977),303-316 Shorland-Ball, R. England Worsbrough watermill
T 4 (1977),317-318 Wailes, R. England smockmill: Burne's
T 4 (1977),319-326 Wailes, R. Portugal / Barbados wind, water and muscle power
T 4 (1977),327-329 Watts, M. England (Wiltshire) Littleton Wood watermill: hopperboy
T 4 (1977),331-334 Turner, L. Portugal mills: notes
T 4 (1977),335-337 Boyes, J. H. Cyprus watermills
T 4 (1977),339-353 Minchinton, W. E. England / Wales tide mills
T 4 (1977),355-360 Peel, H. Belgium mill restoration
T 4 (1977),361-364 Howell, C. USA (New York) Philipsburg Manor watermill
T 4 (1977),365-368 Howell, C. Malawi Mlowe mill
T 4 (1977),369-372 Gregory, F. W. England (East Sussex) Bateman's and Nutley mills
T 4 (1977),373-389 Jespersen, A. Denmark nine mills on one river
T 4 (1977),391-394 Hawksley, H. S. R. world-wide windmills: wind tunnel tests
T 4 (1977),395-399 Ogden, D. USA (Virginia) Flowerdew Hundred postmill
T 4 (1977),401-403 Boyes, J. H. Scotland Caithness watermills
T 4 (1977),405-408 Schoch, M. R. USA (Illinois and Massachusetts) Elmhurst and Spocott windmills
T 4 (1977),409-412 Stoyel, A. England (Oxfordshire) Venn watermill
T 4 (1977),413-416 Bowie, G. S. England Eling tide mill
T 4 (1977),417-419 Wailes, R. Yemen / Italy towermill salt pan pumps
T 5 (1982),101-110 Bauters, P. Belgium mill conservation
T 5 (1982),111-119 Bauters, P. Europe windmill origins
T 5 (1982),119-121 Hawksley, H. S. R. world-wide windmill origins
T 5 (1982),121-124 Rivals, C. world-wide windmill origins
T 5 (1982),125-136 Bezio, C. France Bondouy watermill
T 5 (1982),137-142 Bosman, W. Netherlands, The drainage mill: origin
T 5 (1982),143-152 Gailly, G. France (Paris) Ivry windmill
T 5 (1982),153-168 Garcia Diego, J. A. Spain mills: codex Juanelo Turriano
T 5 (1982),169-186 Gaucheron, A. France Tregastel tide mill
T 5 (1982),187-196 Gaucheron, A. France (Provence) oil mills
T 5 (1982),197-201 Gaudy, F. France (Limousin) watermills
T 5 (1982),202-208 Hawksley, H. S. R. Russia (Kiev) museum: windmills
T 5 (1982),209-215 Howell, C. USA (New York - Long Island) Oakdale watermill
T 5 (1982),216-228 Jeane, D. G. USA (Alabama) McCosh's watermill
T 5 (1982),229-247 Jespersen, A. Denmark trough or pentrough
T 5 (1982),249-254 Jespersen, A. England TIMS Fourth Symposium 1977
T 5 (1982),255-263 Jones, D. H. France moulin pendant: last
T 5 (1982),264-275 Jones, D. H. France moulin pendant: technical aspects
T 5 (1982),276-287 Jones, D. H. France (Northern) moulin pendant
T 5 (1982),288-306 Kawakami, K. Japan watermills
T 5 (1982),307-316 Kindig, S. J. USA Oliver Evans
T 5 (1982),317-332 Le Lourd, P. A. Malta windmills
T 5 (1982),333-339 Litchfield, C. USA (Pennsylvania) hemp mills
T 5 (1982),340-342 Litchfield, C. Tunisia hand-powered oil mill
T 5 (1982),343-356 Major, J. K. Germany millstones: Eiffel
T 5 (1982),357-363 Massy, A. France (Paris) Montfermeil tower mill
T 5 (1982),364-378 Nijhof, D. H. and Nijhof-De Knegt, J. Austria / Slovenia clapper mill
T 5 (1982),379-392 Nijhof-De Knegt, J. and Nijhof, D. H. Austria / Slovenia clapper mill: technical data
T 5 (1982),393-403 Ogden, D. USA (Missouri) Mischke's watermill
T 5 (1982),404-414 Ogden, D. England (Warwickshire) Chesterton windmill
T 5 (1982),415-420 Retailleau, G. France (Anjou) windmills
T 5 (1982),421-422 Rivals, C. world-wide molinology and ethnology
T 5 (1982),423-427 Riviere, G.-H. world-wide TIMS and UNESCO
T 5 (1982),428-438 Schiøler, T. Italy (Rome) vitruvian mill
T 5 (1982),439-464 Schoonhoven, J. world-wide hand-powered mills
T 5 (1982),465-471 Sorondo, A. A. Spain (Basque area) hand, water and wind mills
T 5 (1982),472-488 Verdier, J. France (Val de Marne) Chaussée watermill
T 5 (1982),489-491 Ward, O. H. world-wide millstone puzzles
T 5 (1982),492-508 Watts, M. England windmill: technical development
T 5 (1982),509-526 IJzerman, A. J. Netherlands, The animal-powered mills
T 5 (1982),527-540 IJzerman, A. J. Poland windmills: technical features
T 5 (1982),541-548 Hawksley, H. S. R. et al. France (Anjou) cavier mills: structure
T 6 (1985), 26- 36 Bruggeman, J. France Templeuve windmill
T 6 (1985), 37- 43 De La Vàlgoma, D. Spain mill in heraldry
T 6 (1985), 44- 50 García-Tapia, N. Spain regolfo watermills
T 6 (1985), 51- 61 Gaucheron, A. world-wide millstones and rollermills
T 6 (1985), 62- 73 Gibbings, C. Austria (Tyrol) watermills
T 6 (1985), 74- 84 Howell, C. USA (Massachusetts) Nantucket Island smockmill
T 6 (1985), 85- 97 IJzerman, A. J. Netherlands, The (Veluwe) waterpower
T 6 (1985), 98-109 Jeane, D. G. USA (Southern) watermills
T 6 (1985),110-122 Jespersen, A. Denmark watermills: grubbe impact
T 6 (1985),123-136 Jones, D. H. world-wide tide mill operation
T 6 (1985),137-142 Kawakami, K. Japan screw-driven mills
T 6 (1985),143-151 Limona-Trebela, E. Greece Ormilia windmill
T 6 (1985),152-163 Litchfield, C. USA (Pennsylvania) German millwrights in USA
T 6 (1985),164-173 Major, J. K. England small waterwheel-driven pumps
T 6 (1985),174-184 Minchinton, W. E. Scotland tide mills
T 6 (1985),185-196 Nash, G. D. Wales windmills
T 6 (1985),197-205 Nijhof-De Knegt, J. and Nijhof, D. H. Hungary clapper mills
T 6 (1985),206-212 Nijhof-De Knegt, J. and Nijhof, D. H. Hungary small farm windmill
T 6 (1985),213-223 Nott, R. E. England Snettisham watermill
T 6 (1985),224-228 O'Hara, J. G. Germany mill technology handbook
T 6 (1985),229-239 Organ, M. R. Europe military and naval mills
T 6 (1985),240-254 Peel, H. Belgium combined corn and oil mill
T 6 (1985),255-262 Pyndiah, B. Denmark water-powered woollen mill
T 6 (1985),263-272 Rivals, C. and Gleisberg, H. Belgium windmill symbolism in Bruegel's paintings
T 6 (1985),273-282 Schiøler, T. Syria high-lift water powered paternoster chain
T 6 (1985),283-293 Schoonhoven, J. Netherlands, The gunpowder mills
T 6 (1985),294-304 Stoyel, A. England (Cornwall) waterpower in mining
T 6 (1985),305-322 Szymanski, A. Poland windmill classification
T 6 (1985),323-336 Verdier, J. France (Paris) water-powered pumps
T 6 (1985),337-348 Watts, M. England centrifugal governors
T 6 (1985),351-365 Sorondo, A. A. Spain Yarza watermill dam
T 7 (1989), 85- 92 Azéma, J.-P. France (Aveyron) horizontal watermills
T 7 (1989), 93-106 Balázs, G. Hungary Kapuvár tread mill
T 7 (1989),107-115 Blom, L. H. Greece (Samos) windmills
T 7 (1989),116-130 Bokalders, V. Spain (Canary Islands) windmills
T 7 (1989),131-141 Brüning, H. Germany museum: windmills and horse mills
T 7 (1989),142-150 Bruggeman, J. France (Nord) water-powered sawmill for stone
T 7 (1989),151-161 Claussen, D. Germany windmill to wind turbine
T 7 (1989),162-172 Cussonneau, C. France (Anjou) cavier mill: origins
T 7 (1989),173-175 Hawksley, H. S. R. Far East watermills
T 7 (1989),176-187 Hoop, E. Germany (Schleswig-Holstein) Emmanuel windmill
T 7 (1989),188-211 IJzerman, A. J. Netherlands, The barley-peeling mills
T 7 (1989),212-229 Jespersen, A. world-wide postmill: origins
T 7 (1989),230-243 Jones, D. H. England (London / Surrey) Wandle watermills
T 7 (1989),244-253 Kawakami, K. Japan rice mills
T 7 (1989),261-277 Moog, B. Europe (Southern) watermill: horizontal
T 7 (1989),278-291 Nijhof-De Knegt, J. and Nijhof, D. H. Europe (S. E.) boat mills
T 7 (1989),292-304 Nijhof-De Knegt, J. and Nijhof, D. H. Hungary windmill: great spurwheel position
T 7 (1989),305-316 Owens, J. E. USA (Massachusetts) Jonathan Young windmill
T 7 (1989),317-327 Rivals, C. Europe mills and millers
T 7 (1989),328-342 Roberts, W. N. T. China millstones
T 7 (1989),343-352 Schnitter, N. J. Switzerland watermills
T 7 (1989),353-371 Schoonhoven, J. world-wide mill data: classification framework
T 7 (1989),372-391 Tijman, E. Europe (C. and E.) paltrok windmills
T 7 (1989),392-407 Tomaszunas, T. Poland (Vistula Delta) Zulawy windmills
T 7 (1989),408-423 Ward, O. H. France flour mill survey
T 7 (1989),427-440 anonymous General mill terms: English-German
T 7 (1989),449-451 Stüdtje, F. world-wide mills on stamps and banknotes
T 8 (1993), 9- 16 Ogden, D. Wales (Pembrokeshire) Carew tide mill
T 8 (1993), 17- 26 Jones, D. H. England (West Midlands) Belbroughton watermill: edge tools
T 8 (1993), 27- 37 Gaucheron, A. Greece watermill origins: Antipater
T 8 (1993), 39- 44 Fernández-Ordóñez, D. Spain Guadalupe dam watermills
T 8 (1993), 45- 54 Bokalders, V. and Purins, R. Latvia windmills
T 8 (1993), 55- 62 Nijhof-De Knegt, J. and Nijhof, D. H. Austria windmills
T 8 (1993), 63- 73 Gregory, R. Russia (Northern) windmills
T 8 (1993), 75- 80 Ward, O. H. France flourmill survey: millstone sources
T 8 (1993), 81- 88 Fernández Lavandera, E. Spain (Southern) sugar mills
T 8 (1993), 89- 96 Balázs, G. Hungary (Carpathian Basin) horse mills
T 8 (1993), 97-104 Schoonhoven, J. Netherlands, The Hollandsche Molen: technical committee.
T 8 (1993),105-116 Peel, H. Belgium (Wallonia) towermills
T 8 (1993),117-126 Harverson, M. Africa (Atlas Mountains) watermills
T 8 (1993),127-132 Kawakami, K. Japan small farm windpumps
T 8 (1993),133-140 Ikemori, H. Japan norias
T 8 (1993),141-149 Jonson, I. New Zealand windmills
T 8 (1993),150-154 Scheer, R. A. USA (Missouri) Noser watermill
T 8 (1993),155-166 Baker, T. L. USA wind engines
T 8 (1993),167-178 Roberts, W. N. T. Caribbean Islands sugar mills
T 8 (1993),179-188 Jespersen, A. Denmark mill sails
T 8 (1993),189-192 Major, J. K. Europe Painshill water lifting wheel
T 8 (1993),193-195 Louro, S. Croatia Rastoke horizontal watermills
T 8 (1993),197-198 many Europe (Eastern) boat mills
T 9 (2004), 9-12 Balázs, G. Slovakia, Austria, and Western Hungary pre-symposium tour
T 9 (2004), 13-22 Meesters, T. Hungary TIMS: Ninth symposium
T 9 (2004), 23-30 Moog, B. Switzerland / Hungary grain milling: innovations
T 9 (2004), 31-43 Baker, T. L. USA wind engines: marketing
T 9 (2004), 45-51 Miranda, J. A. Portugal Lisbon windmills
T 9 (2004), 53-65 Harverson, M. world-wide horizontal watermill: chutes and droptowers
T 9 (2004), 67-78 Vajkai, Z. Hungary Medieval watermills
T 9 (2004), 79-92 Schoonhoven, J. England silk mills
T 9 (2004), 93-99 Gregory, R. England canal-fed waterwheels
T 9 (2004),101-110 Jones, D. H. Germany Regensburg watermills
T 9 (2004),111-125 IJzerman, A. J. Norway mill technology
T 9 (2004),127-135 Ogden, D. USA (Virginia) Stratford watermill
T 9 (2004),137-150 Verkerk, R. M. Netherlands, The octagonal smock: construction
T 9 (2004),151-159 Roberts, W. N. T. Caribbean Islands sugar mills
T 9 (2004),161-170 Meesters, T. Netherlands, The / Belgium postmills: relocation
T 9 (2004),171-175 Azéma, J.-P. France watermills
T 9 (2004),177-182 Major, J. K. England waterpower in copper mining
T 9 (2004),183-190 Ward, O. H. France millstone manufacture
T 9 (2004),191-192 Roberts, N. France burrstone assembly
T 9 (2004),193-201 Porcher, C. France Berton sails
T 9 (2004),203-208 Pavone, J. E. and Hollien, W. J. USA millstones: research centre
T 9 (2004),209-216 Boucher, J. K. G. Himalayas horizontal mills
T 9 (2004),217-223 Peel, H. Belgium postmill to hollow-postmill
T 9 (2004),225-228 Kawakami, K. Japan boat mills
T 9 (2004),229-236 Ozsváth, G. D. Hungary millers' life and burial customs
T 9 (2004),237-246 Balázs, G. Hungary wind and watermills
T 9 (2004),247-259 Preston, K. Australia flour mill: development
T 9 (2004),261-270 Tijman, E. Poland postmills
T 9 (2004),271-281 Jespersen, A. Denmark windmills
T 9 (2004),285-291 Harverson, M. Transylvania, Romania, Hungary post-symposium tour
T 10 (2000), 59- 69 Robertson, R. R. P. USA roller mill: history
T 10 (2000), 71- 75 Mascarenhas, J. and Marques, S. Portugal windmills: American influence
T 10 (2000), 76- 81 Mascarenhas, J. and Marques, S. Portugal Nabantina watermill
T 10 (2000), 82- 90 Hawksley, G. J. world-wide horizontal watermill: efficiency
T 10 (2000), 91-104 Boucher, J. K. G. Spain (N. W.) watermills
T 10 (2000),105-122 Baker, T. L. North America wind engines: export
T 10 (2000),123-138 Jones, D. H. France moulin pendant: reverse engineering
T 10 (2000),139-152 Ward, O. H. England American wind engine in Bath
T 10 (2000),153-160 Bost, G. and Beek, W. world-wide molinological research and the internet
T 10 (2000),161-174 Harverson, M. Greece (Crete) watermill drop tower
T 10 (2000),175-186 Major, J. K. Great Britain wind engines: competitive testing
T 10 (2000),187-190 Major, J. K. world-wide water-driven sawmills
T 10 (2000),191-209 Schuler, H. Switzerland oil mills
T 10 (2000),211-220 Cookson, M. M. Great Britain wooden grain measures
T 10 (2000),221-227 Kawakami, K. Japan water-driven sawmills
T 10 (2000),229-239 Viegas, J. C. Portugal (Boticas) watermill technology
T 10 (2000),241-246 Steen Riggs, L. USA milling and marketing
T 10 (2000),247-258 Meesters, T. Netherlands, The (Breda) Hoop windmill
T 10 (2000),259-266 Ogden, D. USA hopperboy
T 10 (2000),267-278 Miranda, J. A. Portugal mill conservation
T 10 (2000),279-292 Pyndiah, B. Denmark Nørre Snede windmill
T 10 (2000),293-300 Ushiyama, I. Japan wind pump: reconstruction
T 10 (2000),301-312 Bashore, S. T. USA Oliver Evans
T 10 (2000),313-318 Hill, P. Channel Islands (Guernsey) windmills gazetteer
T 10 (2000),319-322 Halma, S. USA SPOOM
T 10 (2000),325-331 Shriver, K. USA (Virginia) Flowerdew Hundred postmill
T 11 (2004), 17-41 Louro, S. Portugal / Spain Diary of the Symposium
T 11 (2004), 43-58 Harverson, M. Egypt (Alexandria) windmills
T 11 (2004), 59-70 Rizopoulou-Egoumenidou, E. Cyprus watermills; corn-grinding
T 11 (2004), 71-78 Cookson, M. world-wide mills archive international implications
T 11 (2004), 79-82 Grypari, M. Greece / Cyprus water-powered systems; research
T 11 (2004), 83-91 Reis Martins, J. and Duarte, A. E. Portugal (Sizandro Valley) milling by water and wind; seasonal movements
T 11 (2004), 93-108 Miranda, J. A. and Soromenho, M. I. Portugal (Pombal) watermill; Palace of the Marquis
T 11 (2004),109-124 Viegas, J. C. Portugal (Pombal) watermill; Palace of the Marquis
T 11 (2004),125-134 Hawksley, J. world-wide waterwheels; power and efficiency
T 11 (2004),135-140 Damianou, D. Greece (Thrace) water-powered systems
T 11 (2004),141-152 Plunkett, D. J. world-wide tidal mill; origin
T 11 (2004),153-162 Silveira, A. C. Portugal (Seixal) tide mills; Tagus estuary
T 11 (2004),163-166 Oliveira, M. F. Portugal mills and millers of the Rio Guadiana
T 11 (2004),167-175 Cruz, H. Portugal windmills; use and protection of timber
T 11 (2004),177-190 Bashore, S. T. and Jones, D. H. USA mills; early; transfer of technology
T 11 (2004),191-195 Kosaka, K. Japan watermill; wooden
T 11 (2004),197-198 Kawakami, K. Japan watermill; rice stamping
T 11 (2004),199-208 Bokalders, V. Estonia windmills on the mainland
T 11 (2004),209 Vernon, M. Yugoslavia windmills
T 11 (2004),211-218 Ward, O. France grinding in 1809
T 11 (2004),219-224 Kraft, D. E. USA (Virginia) watermills; governmental regulations
T 11 (2004),225-232 Bignell, B. world-wide mills; cartographic disclosure
T 11 (2004),233-238 Parton, H. Greece (Olymbos, Karpathos) mills; an ethno-archaeological study
T 11 (2004),239-244 Campos, F. and Miranda, J. A. Portugal (Barroso Mountain) mills, villages, and landscapes
T 11 (2004),245-248 Rutten, F. M. Netherlands, The sawmills; early
T 11 (2004),249-252 Pinheiro, S. Portugal (n.w. of Lisbon) mills
T 11 (2004),253-256 De Deus, A. A. Portugal (Ul-Oliveira de Azeméis) watermills; rice husking
T 11 (2004),257-263 Nemoto, Y. and Ushiyama, I. Japan wind turbine; Yamada-type
T 11 (2004),265-271 Baker, T. L. USA wind power history; understanding it
T 12 (2007), 17-24 Hawksley, J. Netherlands, The TIMS 2007 pre-symposium tour; diary
T 12 (2007), 51-61 Cookson, M. Netherlands, The TIMS 2007 symposium; diary
T 12 (2007), 71-78 Starmer, G. Belgium (Flanders) TIMS 2007 post-symposium tour; diary
T 12 (2007), 89-102 Harverson, M. world-wide TIMS 1965-2007; where do we stand in 40 years?
T 12 (2007),103-124 van Bergen, W.D. world-wide sugarcane milling
T 12 (2007),125-142 Baker, T. L. North America wind engines
T 12 (2007),143-156 Bonson, T. England (Churnet Valley) watermills; stone grinding
T 12 (2007),157-167 Pyndiah, B. Denmark mills; tragedy or romance
T 12 (2007),169-183 Bokalders, V. world-wide post mill; origin; hypothesis
T 12 (2007),185-197 Major, J. K. England windmills or wind generators built by E. Lancaster Burne
T 12 (2007),199-212 Hawksley, J. world-wide regolfo watermills
T 12 (2007),213-232 Harverson, M. Greece windmill sails; jib sails
T 12 (2007),233-242 Jones, D. H. world-wide treadwheel; inclined
T 12 (2007),243-265 Miranda, J. Portugal (Montijo) tide mill of Cais
T 12 (2007),267-285 Ozsváth, G. D. Romania (East Carpathian Basin) watermills; horizontal
T 12 (2007),287-304 Cookson, M. England (Liverpool) windmills; old
T 12 (2007),305-318 Parton, H. Greece (Olymbos, Karpathos) milling; historical overview
T 12 (2007),319-332 Berman, C. H. France (SW) watermills
T 12 (2007),333-355 Gräf, D. Europe boat mills
T 12 (2007),365-370 Borger, G. Netherlands, The (western) landscape; formation; role of drainage
T 12 (2007),371-375 Denewet, L. Belgium / France (Ghent and Saint-Omer) mils; drainage; wind-driven; first known references
T 12 (2007),377-391 Van Zwet, Han Netherlands, The (North Holland) windmills; drainage; land reclamation 17th century
T 12 (2007),393-414 Filby, P. England (Eastern) windmills; drainage; fens
T 12 (2007),415-432 Bakker, J. S. Netherlands, The (western) drainage; stepped
T 12 (2007),433-447 Vesters, P. Netherlands, The (Utrecht) mills; ancient in modern times
T 12 (2007),449-456 De Jonge, B. Netherlands, The (Kinderdijk) world heritage site
T 12 (2007),457-469 Van 'T Hof, J. Netherlands, The mills and policy
T 12 (2007),471-474 IJzerman, Y. Netherlands, The / Belgium / England what have we learned?
T 12 (2007),481-483 Lundegard, M. and Lundegard, R. USA flour manufacture; 1750-1860
T 12 (2007),485-490 Boucher, J. Indonesia (Java) sugar mills and salt pans
T 12 (2007),491-498 Marx, J. South Africa (Cape Town; Liesbeek Valley) mills; corn
T 12 (2007),499-511 Lajoie-Mazenc, M. world-wide windmill sail twist; comparison and calculations

This list is updated regularly.

Our primary journal "International Molinology" (IM) is published twice a year, containing a.o. original articles, book reviews, communications and news items. Members receive IM free of charge.

Issued twice a year

IM contains:

->  Original papers

->  Book reviews

->  Communications

->  News items


¨TIMS news items

Find below an index of all articles published in International Molinology and its predecessor the Newsletter (NL):

Source Author Country Subject
IM 1994; 49:02-08 Erpelding, E. Luxembourg mills: historical review
IM 1994; 49:09-14 Gibbings, C. Portugal (Azores) windmills and watermills
IM 1994; 49:15-18 Gregory, R. Netherlands, The / England smockmills: design comparison
IM 1994; 49:19-24 Bakker, J. S. Netherlands, The (Zuid-Holland) windmills: drainage
IM 1994; 49:25-27 Harverson, M. world-wide postmill: origins
IM 1994; 49:30-32 Hockensmith, C. D. Europe millstone quarries: bibliography
IM 1995; 50:02-40 Kingma, J. Netherlands, The (Zaanstreek) windmills: industrial
IM 1995; 51:02-11 Van Hees, C. A. India watermills: horizontal and vertical
IM 1995; 51:11-15 Forrester, S. Great Britain gorse mills
IM 1995; 51:16-19 Akkermans, H. Belgium boat mill generator
IM 1995; 51:20-22 Bongers, A. H. France (Jura) watermill: edge tools
IM 1995; 51:23-37 Roberts, W. N. T. Sweden / Finland windmills
IM 1995; 51:39 Burgaud, M. France windmills: restoration principles
IM 1995; 51:39-40 Gregory, R. Russia groat mills
IM 1995; 51:40-41 Hawksley, H. S. R. France (Nantes) postmill: origins
IM 1996; 52:02-11 Miranda, J. A. Portugal milling before industrial revolution
IM 1996; 52:12-14 Lewis, A. China (S. W.) incense mills
IM 1996; 52:15-17 Rüegg, P. Germany (Potsdam) windmill: Sanssouci
IM 1996; 52:19-20 IJzerman, A. J. Russia windmill: 8-sailed
IM 1996; 52:21-23 Baker, T. L. North America wind engines: trade fair
IM 1996; 52:23-25 Baker, T. L. USA (Nebraska) wind engines: Kregel
IM 1996; 52:35-36 Woons, F. Canada (Alberta) museum: wind engines
IM 1996; 53:01 IJzerman, A. J. world-wide mill restoration policies
IM 1996; 53:02-05 Candoré, A. France (Loiret) windmill: horizontal
IM 1996; 53:06-12 IJzerman, A. J. Sweden (Härjedalen) sawmills
IM 1996; 53:13-17 Ward, O. H. England (Kings Lynn) millstones: French
IM 1996; 53:18-19 Major, J. K. England smockmill: Burne's
IM 1996; 53:20 Roberts, W. N. T. Sweden windmill: tentering
IM 1996; 53:21 Major, J. K. Scotland boat: windmill-driven
IM 1996; 53:21-22 Ward, O. H. Romania (Sibiu) museum: wind and water mills
IM 1996; 53:22 Harverson, M. India watermills
IM 1996; 53:32 Odenthal, G. Germany (Lower Saxony) machine: grain-cleaning
IM 1997; 54:02-15 Moog, B. Switzerland (Valais) watermill sites: Valais
IM 1997; 54:16-21 Hay, T. T. Turkey watermill: horizontal
IM 1997; 54:22-24 Lampe, J. K. Norway milling
IM 1997; 54:25 Cookson, M. M. China incense mill: watermill
IM 1997; 54:26-30 Cookson, M. M. Russia windmills and watermills
IM 1997; 54:31-33 Baker, T. L. Czech Republic wind engine: American
IM 1997; 55:02-11 Meesters, T. Hungary TIMS: Ninth Symposium
IM 1997; 55:12-14 Harverson, M. Romania post-symposium mill tour
IM 1997; 55:15-18 Ward, O. H. France (Indre-et-Loire) cornmill survey and millstone sources
IM 1997; 55:18 Ward, O. H. USA (Oregon) waterwheels: fishing
IM 1997; 55:19-28 Baker, T. L. USA wind engines: terminology
IM 1997; 55:29-31 Litchfield, C. USA (Illinois) tread wheel: inclined, ox-powered
IM 1997; 55:32 Ward, O. H. Europe wind engine: American
IM 1997; 55:33 anonymous Greece museum: water power
IM 1997; 55:34 IJzerman, A. J. Austria watermill: horizontal
IM 1997; 55:34 IJzerman, A. J. Austria watermill: sawmill
IM 1997; 55:35-36 IJzerman, A. J. Netherlands, The (Friesland) wind engines
IM 1997; 55:36 IJzerman, A. J. Greece organizations: mill
IM 1998; 56:02-03 Jespersen, A. world-wide TIMS: origins
IM 1998; 56:03-05 IJzerman, A. J. world-wide TIMS: early days
IM 1998; 56:05-06 Harverson, M. and Rivals, C. world-wide TIMS: thirty years on
IM 1998; 56:06-08 Harverson, M. world-wide TIMS: First Transactions
IM 1998; 56:08-09 Wailes, R. world-wide TIMS: Dr. J. M. Dos Santos Simões
IM 1998; 56:09-10 Jones, A. world-wide TIMS: Anders Jespersen
IM 1998; 56:11-17 Crumbleholme, R. Greece (Rhodes) windmills
IM 1998; 56:18-22 Boucher, J. K. G. Spain (Northern) traditional waterpower
IM 1998; 56:23-25 Gulbrandsen, G. Norway corn mill: working conditions
IM 1998; 56:26-28 Düntzsch, A. world-wide mill conservation principles
IM 1998; 56:29 Gibbings, C. Uruguay windmills
IM 1998; 56:30 Roberts, W. N. T. Great Britain mills research
IM 1998; 56:31-32 Gibbings, C. Italy boat mills
IM 1998; 56:32-35 IJzerman, A. J. China irrigation technology
IM 1998; 56:36 Moltke, A. Denmark modern wind energy
IM 1998; 56:36-37 IJzerman, A. J. Netherlands, The Hollandsche Molen: origin and activities
IM 1998; 57:01-05 Kingma, V. Netherlands, The paper industry: industrial spying
IM 1998; 57:06-09 Coutard, A. France (Sarthe) millstones: Villaines-la-Gonais
IM 1998; 57:10-12 Van Der Drift, L. Hungary / Portugal novel tread mill / noria at Expo '98
IM 1998; 57:15-21 Moog, B. Portugal wind and watermills
IM 1998; 57:22-24 IJzerman, A. J. world-wide waterwheels: fishing
IM 1998; 57:24-26 Meesters, T. Russia / Belarus / Ukraine windmills
IM 1998; 57:26 IJzerman, A. J. Belgium (Wallonia) mill society: new
IM 1998; 57:26-29 Gibbings, C. Georgia boat mills
IM 1998; 57:28 and 30 Dufau, M. Israel windmill in Jerusalem
IM 1998; 57:31-32 anonymous Europe mills and landscapes
IM 1998; 57:32 and 35 anonymous Germany / Denmark / Austria windmill depictions on banknotes
IM 1999; 58:01-05 Rogier, E. Norway (Arctic expedition) early wind-powered generator
IM 1999; 58:06-11 Preston, K. Australia (Western) windmills
IM 1999; 58:12-15 Lekou, O. and Papamantellos, I. Greece wind-powered water-lifting wheels
IM 1999; 58:16-19 Atkins, F. Norfolk Island windmill and watermill
IM 1999; 58:20-21 Bignell, W. H. world-wide mill conservation
IM 1999; 58:21-22 Hay, T. T. England miniature waterwheel
IM 1999; 58:22 Cookson, M. M. Afghanistan (Northern) watermill
IM 1999; 58:23 Ward, O. H. England water power: meat conservation
IM 1999; 58:23 Ward, O. H. France mill conversion
IM 1999; 58:23 Van Hees, C. A. Israel windmill in Jerusalem
IM 1999; 58:24-26 Van Der Drift, L. Russia windmills
IM 1999; 58:26-29 Cookson, M. M. China irrigation technology
IM 1999; 58:29-30 Watts, M. world-wide mill conservation
IM 1999; 58:30-31 Gibbings, C. Turkey boat mills
IM 1999; 59:01-07 Vernon, M. and  Bignell, B. Germany (former DDR) TIMS excursion
IM 1999; 59:08-13 Doolittle, W. E. Mexico norias
IM 1999; 59:14-16 Goicolea, J. Spain water and horse powered mills
IM 1999; 59:17-18 IJzerman, A. J. (ed.) USA (Texas) windmill: Victoria
IM 1999; 59:19-20 Speis, G. Greece (Andros) horizontal windmills
IM 1999; 59:20-23 Gifford, A. F. Greece (Arkadhia) watermills
IM 1999; 59:23-24 Major, J. K. England molinological artefacts
IM 1999; 59:24-25 Moltke, A. world-wide wind generators: modern
IM 1999; 59:25-28 Gibbings, C. Vietnam watermill
IM 1999; 59:28-29 García-Tapia, N. Spain (Northern) traditional waterpower
IM 1999; 59:29 Harverson, M. world-wide horse-powered ferries
IM 1999; 59:29-31 Muggeridge, D. W. and Muggeridge, N. Bosnia boat mill
IM 1999; 59:31-32 anonymous Ireland (Kerry) Blennerville windmill
IM 1999; 59:32 anonymous Australia (Western) Lily windmill
IM 1999; 59:32-33 Goicolea, J. and  IJzerman, A. J. Spain mill organization (new)
IM 1999; 59:33 Gibbings, C. Egypt (Alexandria) windmill: 8-sailed
IM 2000; 60:02-38 Hagen, R. (and  Odenthal, G.) Germany (Lower Saxony) postmill: technical development
IM 2000; 61:02 Meesters, T. General tribute to Yolt [IJzerman]
IM 2000; 61:03 Rivals, C. France Webster. H. A., mill recorder and artist
IM 2000; 61:04-19 Roberts, W. N. T. General Marin, E. G., molinologist
IM 2000; 61:20-21 Monioudi-Gavala, D. Greece (Chios) tanbark windmill
IM 2000; 61:22-24 Jensen, J. and Andersen, L. Denmark roller-reefing sails
IM 2000; 61:25-26 Atkins, F. and Hitzert, P. Australia (Tasmania) Callington windmill
IM 2000; 61:26 Atkins, F. world-wide windmills on stamps
IM 2000; 61:26-27 Major, J. K. unknown horse driven oil mill (painting)
IM 2000; 61:27 Minchinton, W. E. Iceland tide mill
IM 2000; 61:28 Gifford, A. F. Egypt (Alexandria) windmill: 8-sailed
IM 2000; 61:28 Meesters, T. Germany (Württemberg) mill with wind wheel
IM 2000; 61:31-32 Major, H. USA (Texas) pre-symposium mill tour
IM 2001; 61:33-34 Fritsche, B. Germany (North Rhine - Westphalia) windmill restoration: Eilers mill
IM 2001; 62:02-09 Ogden, D. USA (Virginia) TIMS: Tenth Symposium
IM 2001; 62:10 Roberts, W. N. T. USA (Virginia) pre-symposium mill tour
IM 2001; 62:11-16 Beránek, J. et al. Czech Republic windmill: Dutch-style
IM 2001; 62:17-20 Nomikos, S. Greece windmill: in words and pictures
IM 2001; 62:21 Andersen, L. Denmark Jorgen Jorgensen: millwright
IM 2001; 62:22-23 Papaeftychiou, I. Greece (Dodecanese Islands) watermills
IM 2001; 62:24-26 Preston, K. Australia tide mill
IM 2001; 62:27 Jones, D. H. world-wide molinological archive planning
IM 2001; 62:27-28 Marks, N. H. South Africa museum: wind engines
IM 2001; 62:28-29 Atkins, F. world-wide windmills on stamps
IM 2001; 62:29 Goodrich, G. England (Sussex) windmill prints
IM 2001; 62:30-31 Harverson, M. Egypt (Alexandria) windmills: 8-sailed
IM 2001; 62:32 anonymous Japan Watermill Society
IM 2001; 63:02-06 Gibbings, C. Europe (Coastal) small composite windmills
IM 2001; 63:07-09 Muller, H. G. Europe (Central) panster mills
IM 2001; 63:10-16 Rizopoulou-Egoumenidou, E. Cyprus windmills: corn grinding
IM 2001; 63:17-19 Van Der Drift, L. Turkey composite windmill
IM 2001; 63:20-23 Bjorksten, B. and Bjorksten, E. Australia (Tasmania) Callington windmill
IM 2001; 63:24-26 Yates, M. world-wide millstone speeds (part 1)
IM 2001; 63:27-31 Martino, V. Italy (Sicily) mill of Terme Segestane
IM 2001; 63:32-34 Gifford, A. F. Greece Institute of Hellenic Mills
IM 2001; 63:35-36 Marx, J. South Africa mill news
IM 2001; 63:36 Skues, M. Baltic States windmills
IM 2001; 63:36-37 Harverson, M. Egypt (Alexandria) windmill: 8-sailed
IM 2001; 63:37-38 Van Der Drift, L. world-wide windmills on stamps
IM 2001; 63:38 Van Der Drift, L. Czech Republic windmill in Prícovy
IM 2001; 63:38 Carlson, A. Germany (Bavaria) horse mill
IM 2001; 63:38 Ward, O. H. Great Britain / Germany roller mill
IM 2002; 64:02-13 Pearce, D. L world-wide windmills: sail design
IM 2002; 64:14-16 Seigne, J. Jordan water-powered sawmill for stone
IM 2002; 64:17-22 Schnitzer, V. Syria watermills: Tell Shihab
IM 2002; 64:23-25 Ward, O. H. France (Eure) millstones: Houlbec-Cocherel
IM 2002; 64:26-27 Minchinton, W. E. Germany tide mills
IM 2002; 64:28-30 Gibbings, C. Africa windmills
IM 2002; 64:30-32 Bost, G. Germany (Saxony) millstones: Jonsdorf
IM 2002; 64:32-33 Ward, O. H. Spain (Canary Islands, Tenerife) mills: several types
IM 2002; 64:33-34 Yates, M. Netherlands, The windmill postcards
IM 2002; 64:34-35 Moltke, A. Tanzania Danish mill
IM 2002; 64:35-36 anonymous Czech Republic windmill in Prícovy
IM 2002; 64:36 anonymous world-wide windmills on stamps
IM 2002; 64:36-37 Roberts, W. N. T. and Yates, M. world-wide millstone speeds
IM 2002; 64:37 Peel, H. Belgium (Flanders) comment on BM 16
IM 2002; 64:37 Yates, M. Great Britain (Orkney Islands) windmill
IM 2002; 64:37-38 Harverson, M. world-wide Muggeridge collection
IM 2002; 64:38 Rudolph, K. Germany windmill Straupitz
IM 2002; 64:38 anonymous South Africa mills book to be produced
IM 2002; 64:38-39 Harverson, M. Italy windmills
IM 2002; 64:39 Harverson, M. Wales wind turbines
IM 2002; 65:04-09 Rivals, C. France boat mill on the Tarn
IM 2002; 65:10-11 Rogier, J. world-wide mills models: details
IM 2002; 65:12-16 Moteki, M. and Muller, H. G. Japan rice hulling and milling
IM 2002; 65:17-22 Preston, K. Australia (Western) watermill: horizontal
IM 2002; 65:23-25 Major, J. K. England (London Bridge) waterworks
IM 2002; 65:26-30 IJzerman, A. J. Netherlands, The horse mills: butter churns
IM 2002; 65:31-32 Bonwick, L. and Cookson, R. world-wide mill archive
IM 2002; 65:32-33 anonymous USA (California) windmills: San Francisco
IM 2002; 65:33-34 Rogier, E. Wales wind engines
IM 2002; 65:34-35 Yates, M. world-wide millstone speeds (part 2)
IM 2002; 65:35-37 Best, S. et al. New Zealand tide mill
IM 2002; 65:37-38 anonymous Switzerland Swiss Mills Society
IM 2003; 66: 2-17 Meesters, T. Portugal (Azores) mills on the Azores
IM 2003; 66:18-21 Mouzakis, S. Greece mill preservation; policies
IM 2003; 66:22-23 Minchinton, W. Surinam tidemills
IM 2003; 66:24-27 Marx, J. South Africa cornmills
IM 2003; 66:28-31 Gibbings, C. Bulgaria windmills
IM 2003; 66:31-33 Hughes, G. Switzerland / France Alpine windmills
IM 2003; 66:33-34 Cookson, M. Sweden handmill (soldier's)
IM 2003; 66:34-35 Blom, L. Malta windmills; origin
IM 2003; 66:35 anonymous Denmark Lille Mølle; archive
IM 2003; 66:35 Atkins, F. Malta / Syria Margat Castle on Maltese stamps
IM 2003; 66:35-37 Bonson, T. England waterworks
IM 2003; 66:37-38 Couwenhoven, R. Netherlands, The windmill postcards
IM 2003; 66:38 Kelly, N. Germany paper mill; wind-powered
IM 2003; 66:38 Staples, C. O. South Africa mills on web site
IM 2003; 66:38 Bryan, A. A. world-wide water-lifting devices; guide on the internet
IM 2003; 66:38-40 Cookson, M. world-wide boat mills (on postcards)
IM 2003; 67: 2-15 several Baltic States TIMS mid-term tour; 3-10 August 2003
IM 2003; 67:16-18 Gibbings, C. Estonia windmills on old photos
IM 2003; 67:19-21 Meesters, T. Estonia windmills on old photos and postcards
IM 2003; 67:22-24 Tijman, E. Baltic States paltrok mills; unusual
IM 2003; 67:24-27 Jones, G Great Britain / USA mills; ancient and modern
IM 2003; 67:28-34 Moog, B. world-wide windmill; horizontal; reality and fantasy
IM 2003; 67:35 Deffontaines, B. France national mills forum
IM 2003; 67:35 Meesters, T. Russia horse-powered ferries
IM 2003; 67:36 Correia, M. B. Portugal second annual meeting on molinology
IM 2003; 67:36-37 Ward, O. France mill furnishers
IM 2003; 67:37 Hay, T. England (Yorkshire) windmill; horizontal
IM 2003; 67:37 Woons, F. Switzerland / France Alpine windmills
IM 2003; 67:39-40 Doubek, J. Czech Republic windmills; literature
IM 2004; 68: 8-13 and 23-26 Gibbings, C. Malta and Gozo windmills
IM 2004; 68:14-20 Hawksley, J. Shetland watermills
IM 2004; 68:21-22 and 27-28 Preston, K. Australia (Western) Kingsford's Mill in Perth
IM 2004; 68:28-33 Moog, B. world-wide typological questions in molinology
IM 2004; 68:34-35 Harverson, M. Norway Norwegian water mill in 1834
IM 2004; 68:35 Hitzert, H. and Hitzert, P. Australia (Western) windmill "The Lily"
IM 2004; 68:35 Bost, G. Germany DGM - annual general meeting
IM 2004; 68:35-36 Harverson, M world-wide publications receive
IM 2004; 68:36 Van Der Drift, L. Netherlands, The floating windmill in Uitgeest (North Holland)
IM 2004; 68:36 Yeske, C. USA TIMS-America; news
IM 2004; 68:37 Gifford, A. Spain mill carvings; Burgos Cathedral
IM 2004; 68:38 Guilbaud, J. France windmill at Collioure
IM 2004; 68:38 Le Gray, A. France unknown watermill
IM 2004; 68:38 Weemaes, F. Netherlands, The windmill postcards
IM 2004; 69: 2-10 Mouzakis, S. Greece (Kythera and Antikythera) watermills
IM 2004; 69:11-13 Doty, R. G. Europe water-powered coinage
IM 2004; 69:14-21 Tijman, E. Greece (Crete) windmills
IM 2004; 69:21-29 Gibbings, C. Spain (Minorca) windmills
IM 2004; 69:30 Gibbings, C. Spain (Majorca) windmill at Selva
IM 2004; 69:31-35 Gibbings, C. Spain (Formentera) windmills
IM 2004; 69:36 Nomikos, S. Albania clockwork-driven mill; information wanted
IM 2004; 69:36 Fritsche, B. Czech Republic poor service bookshop
IM 2004; 69:36 Belmont, A. France millstone conference; second international
IM 2004; 69:36 Bourke, S. Ireland mills and millers
IM 2004; 69:36 Reuters (news service) Saudi Arabia windmill accident
IM 2004; 69:37 Roberts, N. / Oosterhuis, T. Malta and Gozo windmills
IM 2004; 69:37 Harverson, M. Shetland watermills
IM 2004; 69:37-38 Harverson, M. world-wide mill typology
IM 2004; 69:38 Van Der Drift, L. world-wide TIMS web site
IM 2004; 69:39 anonymous Iceland windmill
IM 2004; 69:40 Ward, O. France Ladeuil et cie.; Gannat Branch of the SGM
IM 2004; 69:40-41 Minchinton, W. Belgium tidemills
IM 2005; 70: 2-3 Deffontaines, B. Portugal (Azores) pre-symposium tour
IM 2005; 70: 4-13 Harrison, J. and Harrison, A. Portugal TIMS symposium
IM 2005; 70:14-18 De Punt, J. Portugal mill sketches
IM 2005; 70:19-20 Ward, O. Portugal and the Azores millstone notes
IM 2005; 70:20-22 Meesters, T. Portugal (Galicia and Minho) post-symposium tour
IM 2005; 70:23-30 Roberts, N. Europe some Eucharistic mills
IM 2005; 70:31-33 Speis, G. Greece (Andros) windmills; horizontal
IM 2005; 70:34-35 Schiøler, T. world-wide how to saw marble
IM 2005; 70:35-36 Minchinton, W. Netherlands, The tidemills
IM 2005; 70:37 Plunkett, D. Europe (Western) tidal mills
IM 2005; 70:37-38 Van Der Drift, L. / Gifford, A. England windmills; tail poles
IM 2005; 70:38-39 Tijman, E. / Moog, B. world-wide typological questions in molinology; comments
IM 2005; 70:39 Van Der Drift, L. South Africa mill preservation
IM 2005; 71: 2 Ek, S. world-wide First Symposium; memories
IM 2005; 71: 3-13 Soeiro, T. Portugal (Northern) watermills; temporary; on rivers
IM 2005; 71:14-16 Bonson, T. Austria mangle (water-driven)
IM 2005; 71:17-19 Hutt, D. Scotland watermill on Canna
IM 2005; 71:20-25 Gibbings, C. France windmills; multi-sailed
IM 2005; 71:25-30 Bonson, T. Switzerland / Germany watermills; a tour for TIMS members
IM 2005; 71:30-31 Cookson, M. France (Grenoble) millstone congress
IM 2005; 71:31 Major, J. K. France (Grenoble) millstone quarries seen
IM 2005; 71:32 Booth, T. England (Shropshire) millstone dressing machine
IM 2005; 71:32-33 Roberts, N. Turkey (Ephesus) water-powered stone-cutting mill
IM 2005; 71:34-35 Van Der Drift, L. Spain / Italy windmills; Majorca and Formentera; salt mills in Italy
IM 2005; 71:35 Ogden, D. USA appreciation of BM 18
IM 2005; 71:36-37 Hughes, G. England tailpole winding; tower and smock mills
IM 2005; 71:38 Crumbleholme, R. England windmills; tail poles
IM 2005; 71:38 Harverson, M. Romania watermills
IM 2005; 71:38-39 Coronin, F. Italy flow of memory re hydraulic machines
IM 2006; 72: 2-11 Belmont, A. and Hockensmith, C. D. France millstones, querns, quarries; bibliography
IM 2006; 72:12-24 Gibbings, C. France (Brittany) mills; management; 18th century
IM 2006; 72:25-29 Rooijakkers, G. Netherlands, The mill biotope; cultural biography
IM 2006; 72:30-35 Moog, B. Switzerland saw mills; feed mechanisms
IM 2006; 72:36-37 Ogden, D. USA (California) wind engine; double header
IM 2006; 72:38-40 Davydov, A. Netherlands, The Russians visiting Dutch windmills
IM 2006; 72:41 Harverson, M. (ed.) England mills on the move
IM 2006; 72:41-42 Brouwers, F. Belgium postmill on the move
IM 2006; 73: 2-11 Hawksley, J. France (South-West) TIMS Mid-term tour; June 2006
IM 2006; 73:12-19 Nomikos, S. and Lekou, O. Greece (Corinthia) water-driven installations
IM 2006; 73:20-24 Schiereck, P. and Groen, P. world-wide windshaft; displacement under load
IM 2006; 73:25-31 Drees, J. M. world-wide blade twist, droop snoot, and forward spars
IM 2006; 73:32-33 Gibbings, C. France (Côtes d'Armor) millstones; trade
IM 2006; 73:34-35 Van Der Drift, L. Iceland Vigur windmill revisited
IM 2006; 73:36 Haito, K. England Chesterton Windmill; broken stock
IM 2006; 73:37-38 Kraft, D. USA (Virginia) Washington's Grist Mill in 2006
IM 2006; 73:38 Williams, E. Wales Welsh Mills Society celebrates
IM 2006; 73:38-39 Baker, T. L. USA Windmillers' Gazette; 25 years old
IM 2006; 73:39 Boucher, J. Indonesia (Java) Javanese mills
IM 2006; 73:39 Bonson, K. Russia unknown windmills on label of vodka bottle
IM 2006; 73:40 Moltke, A. Denmark Danish mill postcard collection
IM 2006; 73:40 Buckland, S. England mill removals
IM 2006; 73:40 anonymous Europe (Western) tide mills exhibition
IM 2006; 73:40 Atkins, F. Germany / Australia mills; rejuvenating
IM 2007; 74: 2-8 Andersen, L. and Jensen, J. Denmark sails; spring and hybrid
IM 2007; 74: 9-11 Cussonneau, C. France boat mill with supported wheel shaft
IM 2007; 74:12-14 Schiøler, T. Ancient World cranks and connecting rods
IM 2007; 74:15-23 Nomikos, S. and Lekou, O. Greece (Mount Parnonas) windmills, watermills, fulling tubs
IM 2007; 74:24-31 Hockensmith, C. D. and Ward, O. United Kingdom millstones, querns, quarries; bibliography
IM 2007; 74:32-34 Rynne, C. Ireland watermills; archaeological research
IM 2007; 74:35-36 Van Der Drift, L. Netherlands, The 2007: Year of the Mills
IM 2007; 74:36-37 Denewet, L. Belgium / France drainage mills; wind-driven; first references
IM 2007; 74:37 Owens, J. USA some notes
IM 2007; 74:38-39 Harverson, M. (ed.) Tibet watermill
IM 2007; 74:38-39-40 Metz, D. USA (Iowa) windmill; unusual
IM 2007; 74:40 Andersen, L. Denmark web site; new
IM 2007; 74:40-41 Morkuniene, T. Estonia mill news
IM 2007; 74:41 Bonson, T. England / Belgium windmills; 6-sailers; information wanted
IM 2007; 74:41 Kawakami, K. Japan Archimedes Screw-pump
IM 2007; 75: 2-4 Hawksley, J. Netherlands, The TIMS 2007 pre-symposium tour
IM 2007; 75: 5-8 Cookson, M. Netherlands, The TIMS 2007 symposium
IM 2007; 75: 9-10 Roberts, N. Netherlands, The drainage, mills, polders; history and preservation
IM 2007; 75:10-13 Starmer, G. Belgium (Flanders) mill wonders
IM 2007; 75:14-43 Gibbings, C. and Cussonneau, C. France (n.e. Brittany) mills; tower; hoarded (Moulin à Hourdais)
IM 2007; 75:44-47 Schiereck, P., Davydov, A., and Groen, P. Russia (Village of Kalgachikha) mill restoration
IM 2007; 75:47-52 Verkerk, R. H. Iran (southern Khorasan) windmills; horizontal
IM 2007; 75:52-54 Ward, O. France millstone matters
IM 2007; 75:55 anonymous Denmark paper cuts and postage stamps
IM 2008; 76: 3-15 Lundegard, R. USA mills; flour; early American
IM 2008; 76:16-22 Mattelaer, P. Slovenia mills
IM 2008; 76:23-25 Baker, T. L. Pacific Ocean (islands) windmill [clothes] washers
IM 2008; 76:26-31 Van Der Drift, L. New Zealand (Banks Peninsula) sawmill
IM 2008; 76:32-34 Atkins, F. South Africa mills on postage stamps
IM 2008; 76:35 anonymous USA (Virginia) windmill; Flowerdew Plantation; new home needed
IM 2008; 76:36-37 Wolf, J. Germany (Berlin-Marzahn) Wetzig Millwrighting Archive
IM 2008; 76:37-38 Bonwick, L. England (Kent) Ken Miller's tale
IM 2008; 76:39 anonymous Germany (Berlin-Britz) windmill; accident
IM 2008; 76:40 anonymous England (Blackpool) windmill; storm damage
IM 2008; 76:41 Roberts, N. France mills; tower; hoarded - a comment
IM 2008; 76:42 Wood, S. Europe millstone quarries; atlas
IM 2008; 77: 2-3 anonymous USA mill workshops
IM 2008; 77: 4-8 Sellick, R. Man, Isle of mill tour
IM 2008; 77: 9-19 Beacham, M. J. A. England post mill; Midlands-type
IM 2008; 77:20-25 Hockensmith, C. D. world-wide millwrighting etc.; bibliography; part 1
IM 2008; 77:26-31 Van Der Drift, L. New Zealand boat mills
IM 2008; 77:32-33 Louro, S. Denmark pug mill
IM 2008; 77:34-35 anonymous England Daniel's Mill restored
IM 2008; 77:36-37 Harverson, M. Greece Greek island; fieldwork
IM 2008; 77:38 Pronk, M. and Melville, P. Netherlands, The (Schiedam) windmills and their mill society
IM 2009; 78: 2-5 Meesters, T. Netherlands, The / England oblique scoop wheel
IM 2009; 78: 6-18 Munduteguy, L. France (Basque Region) tide mills
IM 2009; 78:19-26 Van Den Broeke, M. Netherlands, The wind pumps
IM 2009; 78:27-30 Riedel, H. Germany (Central) windmills with more than five sails
IM 2009; 78:31-33 Bonson, T. England Archimedes screw generating electricity
IM 2009; 78:34-35 McGinnis, J. USA grinding windmill; restoration
IM 2009; 78:36-37 Bergauer, S. Austria boat mill; salvage operation
IM 2009; 78:38 Hutt, D. New Zealand gold works; more information
IM 2009; 78:39-40 Taylor, E. Ireland, England, USA tide mills
NL 10 (Jan. 1978), appendix Takats, S. Hungary boat mill
NL 12 (Jan. 1979), 5- 6 Zeepvat, R. Great Britain (Great Linford) windmill mound
NL 14 (Sept. 1979), 3- 8 anonymous USA (Connecticut) windmills: 17th century
NL 15 (March 1980), 4- 9 anonymous USA (New York) Gladden horizontal windmill
NL 15 (March 1980),10-11 Louro, S. Thailand wind-powered saltpan pumps: fixed
NL 16 (Oct. 1980), 4- 8 Roberts, W. N. T. USA (New York and Massachusetts) windmills: Long Island and Cape Cod
NL 17 (Apr. 1981), 4 Major, J. K. world-wide millwork exports
NL 17 (Apr. 1981), 5- 6 Marrenga-Stapff, A. J. Netherlands, The (Veluwe) watermills
NL 17 (Apr. 1981), 7-10 Boyes, J. H. England windmills: drainage
NL 18 (July 1981), 3-4 Major, J. K. Germany (Gifhorn) museum: wind and watermills
NL 19 (Dec. 1981), 4- 5 Marrenga-Stapff, A. J. Netherlands, The windmills: moving
NL 20 (Feb. 1982), 1- 2 Minchinton, W. E. Australia (Tasmania) tide mill
NL 20 (Feb. 1982), 2 Torrey, V. USA (California) San Francisco windmills
NL 21 (July 1982), appendix Marrenga-Stapff, A. J. Surinam tidal-powered sugar mills
NL 23 (Jan. 1983), 4 Sowan, P. W. England (London) Wandsworth corn mills
NL 23 (Jan. 1983), appendix Blom, L. H. Cyprus watermill: horizontal
NL 24 (July 1983), 5- 7 Walton, J. Greece (Corfu) Kakopetria  watermill
NL 24 (July 1983), 8 Byrom, R. J. Europe Fairbairn waterwheels
NL 24 (July 1983), appendix Falkenstein, F. and Dunn, A.D. Germany (Waldshut-Tiengen am Rhein) millstone mine
NL 25 (Dec. 1983), 3- 4 Hallett, M. L. England windmills in  gold mining
NL 25 (Dec. 1983), appendix Tönsmann, F. Germany water-powered water-lifting
NL 26 (March 1984), 3- 4 Bachmann, A. Nepal small-scale waterpower
NL 26 (March 1984), 5- 7 Kawakami, K. Japan wind and watermill drawings
NL 27 (July 1984), 1- 2 Major, J. K. France (Val de Marne) Chaussée watermill
NL 28 (Nov. 1984), 4- 8 Moog, B. France (S. W.) Fortified watermills
NL 28 (Nov. 1984), 9-11 Hargreaves, M. France (Burgundy) water-powered forges
NL 29 (March 1985), 3- 5 Woons, F. world-wide combined wind and watermills
NL 31 (Jan. 1986), 5-10 Maywald, B. Germany mill conservation
NL 32 (June 1986), 4- 9 Moog, B. Austria (Carinthia) watermills: horizontal
NL 32 (June 1986),10-14 Roe, R. Australia (Western) horse mills
NL 33 (Jan. 1987), 5-6 Minchinton, W. E. England / Wales tide mills
NL 33 (Jan. 1987), 6-8 Ward, O. H. France French millstones: history
NL 34 (1987), 4- 5 Tascon, I. G. Italy 'butterfly' querns
NL 34 (1987), 6-11 Milburn, M. Africa (Sahara) querns, mortars and ancillary stones
NL 34 (1987),12 Woons, F. world-wide windmills; two fantails
NL 35 (Dec. 1987), 2- 3 Major, J. K. Australia (New South Wales) Gladden horizontal windmill
NL 35 (Dec. 1987), 4- 6 Blom, L. H. Turkey Bodrum windmills
NL 36 (June 1988), 5-15 Roberts, W. N. T. South Africa wind, water and horse mills
NL 37 (Nov. 1988), 3- 6 Van Der Drift, L. France (Corsica) mills
NL 37 (Nov. 1988), 9-12 Van Opijnen, W. A. Norway watermill: horizontal
NL 38 (Feb. 1989), 5 Schultz, R. Turkey windmill: 6-sailed
NL 38 (Feb. 1989), 6-11 Davies-Shiel, M. Austria Fulpmes water-powered forge
NL 40 (March 1990), 5-16 Bas, B. Spain (Galicia) windmills: fixed and bi-directional
NL 41 (Dec. 1990), 3- 4 Minchinton, W. E. England / Wales tide mills
NL 41 (Dec. 1990), appendix Buckland, J. S. P. England Essington postmill
NL 42 (July 1991), 6- 9 Jonson, I. New Zealand windmills
NL 43 (1992), appendix Hughes, G. N. England (S. W. Lancashire) wind, water and animal powered mills
NL 43 (1992), appendix Roberts, W. N. T. Sweden (Öland) windmills
NL 44 (c. 1992), 7-11 Houwaard, F. world-wide mill bibliography
NL 44 (c. 1992),13-18 Dolman, P. England (Suffolk) tide mills
NL 45 (c. 1992), 3- 8 Buckland, J. S. P. England (Norfolk) Walsokne postmill: church brass
NL 45 (c. 1992), appendix Van Der Drift, L. Russia (Kiev) museum: windmills
NL 46  (May 1993), 6-7 Hill, P. USA (Long Island, Rhode Island, and Cape Cod) TIMS mill tour 1992
NL 46 (May 1993), 8- 9 Harverson, M. Middle East boat mills
NL 46 (May 1993),10-12 Adelin, B. and  Florin, B. Romania windmills
NL 47 (Dec. 1993),15-21 and 28 Hawksley, H. S. R. world-wide windmill origins
NL 47 (Dec. 1993),23-28 IJzerman, A. J. Germany Kosilenzien paltrok mill
NL 48 (Aug. 1994), 1 and 3- 5 Schoonhoven, J. Indonesia norias
NL 48 (Aug. 1994), 6- 8 Baker, T. L. USA / Canada museums: wind power
NL 48 (Aug. 1994), 9-26 Lavandera, E. F. et al. Spain sugar mills

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-    References should be placed at the end of the article, and identified in the text by Arabic numerals in square brackets or in superscript. The information supplied in a reference should be: => for an article, provide the author(s) name(s), article title, publication title, volume (& part) number, publication date, and page numbers in the publication; => for a book, provide the author(s) name(s), book title, and publication date (optionally, also the page numbers). If the author wishes references to be in their home language they must also supply an English translation, and both will then be published.
Book Reviews
-    Book reviews should provide the complete bibliographical data, i.e. title, sub-title (if any), translation of the title in English (if a non-English publication), author(s), format (size), number of pages, number of illustrations, and ISBN. Also a picture of the front cover should be provided. At the end of the review include the postal and/or email address for orders and the selling price.
Other items to be published
-    Apply the standards mentioned above, when applicable.

Delivery of contributions to the editor:
-    It would be greatly appreciated if authors would send contributions by email or on a CD.
-    Do not embed any illustrations or tables in a word processing file, especially in MS Word files.
-    The preferable placement of the illustrations and tables can be indicated in the text file.
-    Illustrations should be sent separately by email or, if there are a number, by ‘Dropbox’ ( or ‘WeTransfer’ (
-    Illustrations will ideally be supplied as a colour digital image either from a digital camera or from a scanner. Digital photographs should be the maximum image size of the camera and use the ‘best’ or ‘fine’ quality settings.
-    Scans should have a resolution of at least 300 dpi and should be provided as a .jpg file with the lowest available degree of compression.
-    Scans or photographs in .jpg files of less than 1 Mb are unlikely to reproduce well.

Material for publication in International Molinology should ideally reach the editor 6 months prior to the publication date, but no later than 2 months prior i.e. 1st April and 1st October. The decision on whether and when to publish will be the editors.

Download these Guidelines as pdf file

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The International Molinologocal Society brings out a number of publications:

  • International Molinology, our journal, which is issued twice a year. These contain articles, book reviews, TIMS notices and research findings.
  • Publications in the series "Bibliotheca Molinologica" contains larger molinological studies.
  • Transactions, contain the papers and discussions of the TIMS Symposia which are held every four years
  • TIMS E-News, our free biyearly email newsletter, containing news items, small articles, announcements and so on.

TIMS members will receive all publications free of charge. Non members can order the publications in our shops, and subscribe here to the free E-News.