Articles in IM89 - December 2014

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Summary of the main articles in IM 89 which was published in December 2014

The Pre-Industrial Mills of Attica on Kaupert’s Maps by Olga Lekou
In the late 19th century the German Archaeological Institute produced a series of maps of the region of Attica in Greece, which includes the conurbation of Athens. These highly detailed maps have been studied to record the various mills that are marked on them. This information has then been augmented by studying a number of travellers’ accounts of journeys through Greece and also by examining contemporary engravings and early photographs. Although this region has been heavily developed in the late 20th century, efforts have been made to find all the locations of the mills identified on the maps and record them. Of over 50 mills marked on the maps the remains of 18 mills have been discovered. It is intended that further research will be carried out in local investigation and interviews with the inhabitants of the area.

The Windmills of the Campo de Cartegena: Part 1 – Irrigation by Chris Gibbings
In 1978 Chris Gibbings visited the Campo de Cartagena in eastern Spain to look at the unique irrigation windmills that can be found in great numbers in the region. During his visit Chris was able to photograph over 30 irrigation windmills and take measurement of the components present in some of the examples that were accessible. This type of mill is discussed in detail and their components illustrated by Chris’s photographs. In the 1970s the mills had reached the end of their working life and many were starting to deteriorate. In the intervening years there has been considerable local interest in preserving these unique mills with a certain amount of success. However, in recent years there has been massive tourist development in the region and there are signs that many of the mills are falling into dereliction again. Apart from the usual coloured photographs on the cover, this article is accompanied by another 13 colour photographs showing these Spanish windmills.

Windmills on the Lena River in East Siberia by Alexander Davydov
During an expedition by sailing boat down the River Lena in Eastern Siberia the author, Professor Alexander Davydov was surprised to see a monument to windmills in the town of Olekminsk, in a region that he was unaware had ever had windmills. Further research unearthed details of three windmills that once were operated in the region. Two of these were built by the Skoptsy sect, a group that had been exiled eventually to East Siberia. There they concentrated on farming and agriculture including milling grain. Although the sect left Russia in 1918 Professor Davydov has managed to find a few photographs of these windmills and even discovered the remains of a gear wheel in a local school.